Angina attack: what to do to recover
We often ignore fever, weakness and sore throat, considering it a mild cold. But do not think that such symptoms are always safe and go away by themselves. Its complications often pose a threat to health and even life. Angina attack is characterized by sudden pain in the chest area. Its clinical syndrome is characterized by unpleasant feelings or compression in the precordial region, which is caused by transient myocardial ischemia.
Angina attack is rarely described by the patients themselves as "pain." In most cases, people complain of a feeling of discomfort behind the breastbone, while the localization of these sensations can also vary. The discomfort can spread to the left shoulder and spread further to the left hand and to the fingertips. Back pain, throat, lower jaw and teeth, chest pain may occur. Sometimes this feeling of discomfort is localized in the upper abdomen.
Symptoms of angina
Symptoms of angina are manifested in the form of squeezing, a feeling of heaviness behind the sternum, discomfort in the left shoulder, arm, hand or lower jaw. The person feels intense fear and excessive sweating. Severe shortness of breath, tightness in chest occur.
Shortness of breath also occurs with an attack of angina. It is difficult for the patient to breathe during inhalation and exhalation. Hardness of breath occurs as the contractile activity of the heart is disturbed, due to oxygen deficiency during physical activity or nervous tension.
Angina chest pain: the doctors should treat you immediately
During an attack of angina pectoris, sharp or weak pain, observed for several minutes, disappears and reappears. Common signs of angina pectoris include:
- heart pain, left arm pain, back, neck, jaw and stomach pain;
- increased sweating;
- shortness of breath along with pain, stomach discomfort and vomiting,
Unstable angina is a period of acute course of ischemic heart disease. Against the background of pathology, severe complications can develop, including necrotic changes in the myocardium. Some patients experience ventricular fibrillation, which leads to sudden cardiac death. Persons suffering from unstable angina pectoris experience systematic chest pain, complain of heart rhythm disturbances, shortness of breath.
For an accurate diagnosis, laboratory, clinical and instrumental studies are used. The medical history is also important, because with angina pectoris, the signs may indicate the presence of atherosclerosis.
As mentioned earlier, an angina attack causes the body's inability to deliver sufficient oxygen to the muscle of the heart. It follows from this that with angina pectoris, treatment is carried out in a way as to sufficiently increase blood flow to the myocardium and at the same time reduce myocardial oxygen demand. This can be achieved by surgery or by medication.
Doctors at the Advanced Medical Care in Brooklyn, NY, are highly qualified specialists in cardiology with colossal experience, consult and treat diseases of the cardiovascular system and related ones.