Swelling feet review

Edema in legs is a condition provoked by liquid surplus existence in the organism. As a rule, the disease influences the limbs, particularly legs, arms and feet. However, it may have repercussions on other sections either. Edema in the lower extremities is an important symptom of health problems or a signal of an unhealthy lifestyle. There exist a lot of reasons for edema developing, several cases are quite serious, others are easy to deal with. Possible solution to edema in feet is using special medications to reduce the salt level. As a rule,  the swallowing becomes a result of another serious illness. In such situations it’s obligatory to eliminate the main disorder.

Causes of edema

There are various pathological conditions that can form possible theories of developing  swollen hands and feet, including:

  • Heart pathologies, the deterioration of which leads to stagnation of blood in the lower extremities. It is often accompanied by deterioration in breathing during exertion;
  • varicose;
  • deterioration of kidney function;
  • disorders of the thyroid gland;
  • different kinds of injuries, for example a sprained ankle;
  • allergies;
  • diabetes;
  • cirrhosis;
  • neuromuscular conditions.

Besides, there is a list of factors that can contribute to treatment for edema in legs and feet:

  • excessive use of salt;
  • taking birth-control pills;
  • hormone therapies;
  • heavy carbohydrates intake;
  • premenstrual period;
  • being pregnant;
  • standing work or the need to be on the feet for the whole day;
  • sedentary lifestyle.

Edema in legs developed due to less hazardous disorders if often left untreated which may have negative consequences. Additionally, chronic edema experiencing can cause sores and open wounds. Very often diabetics can suffer from various kinds of infections proved by this illness. Thus, edema treatment should be fast and immediate.

Edema symptoms

The main reason for edema in feet is a violation of lymph flow and venous circulation. These phenomena manifest themselves in the form of certain symptoms:

  • swelling of the legs. At the end of the day, the feet are poured, the shoes begin to press;
  • spider veins on the legs. “Snowflakes” from red capillaries or bluish venules are a signal that the circulatory system cannot cope with the load, there are problems with lymphatic drainage causing  edema in one leg;
  • tired foot. The feeling of heaviness is most pronounced in the feet. At the end of the day there is a wish to throw the legs higher, massage to remove aching pains;
  • convulsions. This is a signal that, due to edema, the innervation of the lower extremities is disturbed. Most often, convulsions are pestered during sleep.

If you ignore all edema symptoms, there is a high probability of encountering varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and other conditions.

Edema treatment

After identifying edema causes the doctor can advise you several medications:

  • Regular physical activity. The more you move the more is the chance of recovering.
  • Lying with raised legs. When you get home with swollen legs, go to rest immediately after a contrast shower. When doing this, place a roller or hard pillow under your ankles so that your feet are higher than your head. Spend 30 minutes in this position.
  • Contrasting baths. Prepare two basins of water: in one water at a temperature of 30 degrees, in the second – cool, you can add additional ice. The alternation of cold and warm temperatures trains the valves of the veins, provokes their expansion and sharp contraction, and activates blood circulation.
  • Foot massage. Edema in legs needs proper pressing in turn on the base of the toes, massaging the pads of the toes, rubbing the point in the middle of the foot and heel for 5 minutes.

FAQ about Edema in the Legs

Is edema in the legs life-threatening?

Due to the water-electrolyte imbalance in the human body, such a condition as edema that is characterized by the accumulation of an excess of watery fluid in the tissue and the interstitial compartment can occur, signaling some serious health troubles and, if left unmanageable, can lead to some unpleasant outcomes. The mechanism of edema that develops in the lower extremities can be different depending on what diseases or conditions have caused fluid retention in the body. If swelling episodes occur constantly and do not go away after rest or elimination of the provoking factor, they may indicate the presence of the following health problems:

  • chronic heart failure;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • renal failure;
  • liver disease or disturbance of liver function;
  • a poorly working lymphatic system;
  • endocrine disorders;
  • trauma;
  • allergic reactions.

The reason for edema in the legs may vary since mostly it depends on lifestyle choices. Thus, the condition when the tissue becomes swollen with fluid can be provoked by certain medications, such as antidepressants, hormonal drugs, steroids. In this case, the doctor who prescribed the drug should be informed about the edema, so the specialist can help to find a way to cope with it. Do not self-medicate. If your legs are swollen, regardless of the cause, it is recommended to immediately consult your primary care physician. 

What happens if edema is left untreated?

Due to fluid retention, swelling of the lower extremities may appear and be accompanied by a feeling of extreme tension. If the legs are swollen, it may be difficult to walk. Because leg swelling can be a sign of dangerous medical conditions, it is imperative to seek medical care as soon as possible. Edema is not an independent disease, but, as a rule, a manifestation of the existing illnesses. Therapy includes treating the underlying cause. If the problem is related to heart diseases, for example, arterial hypertension or chronic heart failure, comprehensive treatment that includes antihypertensive drugs, as well as lifestyle changes, is essential. Signs indicating the possible development of complications:

  • chest pain;
  • severe shortness of breath and difficulty breathing;
  • fainting, dizziness;
  • fatigue, pain, and even leg cramps.

Medical assistance is required if it is not known for what reasons edema occurs, especially if it appears suddenly since, if edema is left unmanageable, the consequences can be fatal.

Is lower leg edema serious?

Sometimes the swelling of the lower extremities is a symptom of a general water imbalance in the body. In the case of heart failure, the main muscle of the body cannot cope with pumping blood. The fluid in the body is not evenly distributed and can accumulate in the legs causing discomfort. Kidney failure can also lead to swelling. It appears not only in the legs but also in the hands or face. If the symptoms recur regularly and bother you for a long period without relief, it’s time to schedule a visit to your health care provider, as serious venous diseases can be hidden behind the unpleasant condition. Early detection is the guarantee of restoring health, well-being, and quality of life. 

What to drink if you have edema in your legs?

Varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, blood vessel fragility can lead to swollen legs and even painful sensations. However, there may be an array of other reasons for edema. A sedentary lifestyle, improper diet, overweight, poor ecology, pregnancy, stress,  prolonged sitting or standing can cause troubles with circulation and, as a result, fluid will accumulate in some body areas. 

Suffering due to swelling, the first thing you have to prioritize is water drinking, since if your body is dehydrated, it will hold the fluid. Usually, it is recommended to drink up to 10 glasses of water. However, it can be suggested to limit your water drinking in some cases. If you cannot determine the cause on your own and eliminate symptoms with the help of home remedies, then immediately contact your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and development of a treatment plan since experts offer modern methods for diagnosing edema and laboratory tests that allow forming an efficient curing plan.