Heart disease is a variety of cardiovascular disorders that can make your heart suffer. Even in the last century, a stroke was the culprit for more than 10% of all deaths. Since the end of the 20th century, heart disease symptoms have been found in young people over 30. A lot of patients don’t respond to signs of circulatory conditions that have arisen and, with the existing illness, don’t correct their lifestyle, which leads to a significant deterioration in the general condition of the body.

Classification of a cardiovascular disease

The heart is an organ with a complex anatomy and physiology. Therefore, heart problems, accompanied by a violation of its structure and function, are diverse. Generally, cardiovascular conditions are into different groups.

  • Coronary heart disease;
  • Arterial hypertension and hypotension;
  • Myocardial diseases, including myocarditis, myocardial damage in systemic diseases, tumors of the heart, cardiomyopathy;
  • Pericardial disease together with pericarditis, tumors and malformations of the pericardium;
  • Endocardial diseases: infective endocarditis, endocarditis of other etiology (including rheumatic);
  • Heart defects: acquired and congenital heart defects;
  • Rhythm and conduction disturbances;
  • Circulatory failure.

All of these conditions need immediate professional consultation. Cardiologists of Advanced Medical Care will offer you the best service and proper heart disease treatment.

What causes heart disease?

The list of reasons that may lead to the occurrence of cardiac pathologies and signs of heart disease is quite diverse:

  • Infection with viruses, bacteria, leading to rheumatic lesions of the heart membranes;
  • Smoking abuse;
  • Excessive salt added to food;
  • Obesity;
  • The presence of diabetes mellitus;
  • Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • Anxiety, stress, stressful life;
  • Excess cholesterol in the body.

There are risk factors that don’t depend on patients, such as male gender, age over 50, negative heredity, which provokes the appearance of heart disease in subsequent generations.

Besides, congenital heart disease is wide-spread. In many cases, they don’t manifest themselves in any way and are diagnosed during routine examinations.

However, there are several congenital diseases that have very obvious symptoms, for example congenital aortic stenosis. The aortic lumen is too narrow, which leads to a strong increase in blood pressure in the upper body and low blood pressure in the lower body. A complication can be cerebral hemorrhage.

Heart disease symptoms

Diseases of the cardiovascular system are diverse. Hence, they may be accompanied by the following main symptoms:

  • chest pain;
  • weakness and fatigue;
  • headache;
  • dizziness and fainting;
  • palpitations;
  • dyspnea.

Heart disease treatment

Based on your diagnosis, you will be prescribed appropriate therapy. Treatments for heart disease usually take years or even a lifetime. That’s why you need regular doctor's check-ups and correction of treatment. Generally, everything's made to improve a patient's lifestyle: healthy diet, physical activity, quitting smoking and drinking. 

More severe or acute situations of heart disease require more drastic procedures such as implantation of an electronic heart pacemaker or bypass surgery. There are cases when it’s pivotal to visit a psychologist. According to the statistics, depression is a spread repercussion after a stroke or heart attack. 

Our specialists may also recommend a suitable rehabilitation program. Many hospitals nowadays offer such programs for survivors of myocardial infarction and other serious illnesses. These include special exercises that are carried out under the supervision of a doctor, as well as constant monitoring of the condition of the heart. Nevertheless, the need to cure heart disease is vital.