What is hypertension?
Hypertension develops if an increase in blood pressure is registered by a doctor at least 3 control measurements of blood pressure. Normally, the pressure figures can fluctuate depending on the person’s condition: increase with physical or psycho-emotional stress, decrease during sleep.
High blood pressure is one of the most widespread illnesses all over the world. According to the statistics, 40% of the adult population has an increased level of arterial pressure, and only 21% are effectively treated. High blood pressure symptoms lead to changes in the heart, kidneys, cerebral vessels, vessels of the fundus. The examination of arterial pressure should be carried out regularly, at least once a year. Our team will notify when is your time to visit the cardiologist.
What causes high blood pressure?
The actual reason for high blood pressure is not estimated. However, there are some factors that can affect patient’s arterial pressure, including:
- hereditary predisposition;
- chronic stress;
- the amount of salt consumed;
- hormonal changes in females (menopause);
- low physical activity, etc.
The main causes of high blood pressure in each case is difficult to establish, since most people who are diagnosed with hypertension are exposed to several risk factors that contribute to high blood pressure. Due to our experts, up to 5% of hypertension is secondary (symptomatic), in other words, provoked by certain reasons. Most often, kidney pathology, endocrine pathology or anomalies of large vessels lead to the development of this illness.
High blood pressure symptoms
The main manifestation of hypertension is constant headaches. They occur due to the narrowing of the vessels in the brain. Also there are common symptoms of elevated blood pressure:
- noise in ears;
- blurring of the vision;
- general weakness;
- sleep disturbance;
- feeling of heaviness in the head;
- strong heartbeat.
These signs of high blood pressure can be noticed at an early stage of hypertension and are neurotic in nature. Later, the patient may suffer from a stroke or heart attack.
Due to the progression of the painful process, there is a risk of developing paralysis and a poor sensitivity of extremities.
High blood pressure treatment
The level of arterial hypertension and damage to target organs determines the risk of developing cardiovascular complications. Depending on the degree of risk and the causes of high blood pressure, the treatment tactics vary from changes in lifestyle, diet and weight loss to the immediate initiation of drug therapy.
It is important to control the level of blood pressure not only at a doctor’s appointment, but also independently.The blood pressure control program consists of lifestyle changes and drug therapy. Lifestyle changes involve:
- daily exercising at least 30 min a day;
- low calorie nutrition and weight loss;
- reducing salt intake;
- limiting alcohol consumption;
- reducing intake of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol-rich foods;
- increased fruit intake;
- giving up smoking.
Drug therapy is given right away if the level of blood pressure elevation is too high. Normally, the patients need to take 2 or more medicines. High blood pressure treatment is carried out constantly, since its withdrawal will again lead to an increase in blood pressure.
With the help of our professionals you can cure your blood pressure situation and prevent various repercussions. Remember to undergo regular physical examination to start curing the disease at an early stage.